Ushguli (Georgian: უშგული) is located in the municipality of Mestia, at the bottom of mountain Shkhara, near the confluence of rivers Inguri and Shavtsqala-Kvishara. The community is comprised of 4 villages (Zhibiani, Chvibiani, Murqmeli and Chazhashi) and their height ranges from 2060 meters to 2200 meters above sea level. This makes Ushguli the highest settlement in Europe. The center of the community Chazhashi, has been declared a museum and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Michael Khergiani was a legendary soviet mountaineer who died while trying to climb a 700-foot rock wall Su-Alto in the Italian Dolomites. He was buried in Mestia. For his skill of incredibly fast going difficult rocky routes the British climbers called Khergiani “Tiger of the Rocks”. His uncle and cousin were also climbers.
Today the name of Michael (Chhumlian) Khergiani (1935–1969) is almost forgotten. And the museum is hardly to support independently interest to his personality in the information space. The idea of the museum was born in 1977, but then they just brought there those who wanted to see the house where Khergiani lived. In 1985 a new exhibition was created and the museum was opened officially. The museum caretaker is the daughter of Khergiani’s cousin, and the director is her husband.
The museum is interesting primarily because it is one of the best preserved Svan machub (a typical Svan fortified dwelling consisted of a tower and an adjacent house).
Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography is located in north-western Georgia, in the recently-renovated capital city of the Svaneti region, Mestia. Museum was established in 1936 as a Local Museum.
In 2013 the new museum was opened in modern building (architect Gaga Kiknadze) according to international standards. Now it makes possible to organize temporary exhibitions right next to museums unique permanent expositions, in a specially arranged space. In addition to all the facilities mentioned above, educational center and media library were open in 2015.
The Enguri Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Enguri River in Georgia. Currently it is the world's second highest concrete arch dam with a height of 271.5 metres. It is located north of the town Jvari. It is part of the Enguri hydroelectric power station (HES) which is partially located in Abkhazia, the separatist region of Georgia.
The facility's arched dam was inscribed in the list of cultural heritage of Georgia in 2015.
Photo: Billy Bilikhodze